Community Articles: Opinions, Interviews, Analyses
23 April 2001
Interview: Guy Capra
To anyone who has visited the OpenOffice.org discuss list in the last two months, Guy Capras name is familiar. He has spearheaded the movement to create a section of OpenOffice.org, including a discuss list, where French-speaking persons could obtain information about OpenOffice.org and Open Source in French. The ultimate point: To encourage participation and contribution in OpenOffice.org from all over the world.
Guys persistence and vision has borne fruit, and as a result of his and many others efforts, OpenOffice.org now has a Native Language Development project, which currently houses the Francophone module Guy is leading.
Over the space of a couple of days last week, I asked Guy about his background and his thoughts on OpenOffice.org and Open Source. Guy responded in French and English; I have translated, as best I could, the French into English.
You have been active in the French Internet scene for some while, what with running "Creatique," and Sun's French StarOffice, and now OpenOffice.org (and of course, Alomphega). How did you get involved in the scene? Is your background in programming?
Well, to explain the steps that led me to this project and motivations, I must give you a brief account of my professional career.
I was, originally, not a programmer but a musician. I did study science at school, but ended up following a line of classical education. I finished my schooling in the region around Avignon, in the south of France, where I studied contemporary music and composition. It was there, in the 1980s, that I discovered the usage of computers in music, and the intersection of rational and creative work, represented, say, by a permanent discussion between Albert Einstein and Claude Debussy.
After I received my first prize in music composition, a record company offered me a position as a sound engineer in Paris. It was in this way that I was able finally to realize my dream of that period, to become a music researcher at Frances prestigious center of electronic music, IRCAM. I worked there some years, moving between recording studios and the Centre Pompidou [Beaubourg], and trying, with good and bad results, to produce some important works on the creation of contemporary music.
It was during this time that I discovered that computer science (linformatique) pleased me much more than creating music: in computer science, when one creates a program, it functions or it doesnt, without any subjective intervention. Soon enough, others came to appreciate my work, and eventually I gained some success. But in the first place, for me, the reality of a work is purely pragmatic: it only is as it does. Einstein, Debussy and now, William James: these names trace the evolution of my thought.
Around this time, I met my wife, who is a fashion designer. At the beginning of the 1990s, we decided to quit Paris and the artistic milieu, and move to the Cote dAzur, the region of my birth, where we founded a small fashion house. I had advanced in my knowledge of computer science, and with the rudimentary tools available at the time, I believed that I could create an automatic system that would allow us to offer clothing cut to measure from my wifes designs at a price the greater public could afford.
I became interested in the problematic of business because the municipality of the small town where we lived, Hyères-les-Palmiers, asked me to work on communications for the local union of small businesses.
Soon enough, the small businesses asked me to counsel them regarding their computer equipment; and to develop for them adaptive management tools. It was then that I officially declared my profession as being in IT (informatique) and named my business Créatique (CREAtion InformaTIQUE, in reference to our fashion house, which we had called Créature (CREAtion couTURE).
I made a point, in my work, to always supply my clients with the source code of my programs, because I considered that I might arrive at a problem and that I must not take the security of my clients professional activities lightly.
Little by little, I became successful, and the economic model that I offered and used was so original that the French IT press helped to relay my programs, of which were more than 400,000 samples were distributed in CD ROMs in magazines, all without the aide of a press agency or any media plan. For a country like France, this figure is quite significant.
But, without doubt, I was too successful: a business group had taken my trademark, Créatique, before I had and dispossessed me of the name. I renamed my business Alomphega.
It was at this period, which was oriented toward very small businesses, that I discovered StarOffice, when it was still in Star Division. Seduced by the program and by the alternative economics which it represented for my clients, I searched for whatever resources in French that would assist my clients in using StarOffice. Having established that there existed nothing on the subject in French, I created, in 1998, a personal site on StarOffice.
At end of 1999, Sun Microsystems France contacted me in order to entrust me with presenting StarOffice to France--a move that was quite strategic for Sun. This first professional contact passed very well; Sun France asked me to put in place some free help forums (mailing lists) for Francophone users of StarOffice, as well as some help resources online. Thus, my personal site on StarOffice evolved towards what is now http://www.staroffice.online.fr.
Naturally, it was with much interest that I have followed the development of the project OpenOffice.org....
At the present moment, we are working with CollabNet in order to propose a Francophone section to OpenOffice.org. The innovative work that we are creating in this fr section will serve as a base for the creation of other, native-language modules.
And, what possibilities did you see in StarOffice (and now in OpenOffice.org), especially for Francophones?
StarOffice represents for me the only office suite that is credible in a professional context. I say it again: The only credible suite, which is to say that it is much more than an alternative. Why? Simply because I am persuaded that as public knowledge of IT grows, businesses will end up accepting only that which is economically acceptable and pragmatically realistic.
The OpenOffice.org project is the logical consequence of the technical and commercial evolution of StarOffice, given the pragmatic context and potential of Open Source.
I see the Open Source movement versus the former means of commercializing programs as analogous to democracy versus dictatorship: an irreversible progress, because it represents for everyone the possibility of gains without any real losses.
I am happy to be able to participate in this international extension of OpenOffice.org, for I am persuaded that one such opening will allow all to positively enrich themselves. More prosaically, I am proud to be able to offer to French-speaking persons the premises of an innovative tool.
Let's turn now to Open Source... Open Source is here, on this side of the Atlantic, gaining strength daily as a business and production strategy and culture. In some ways, Open Source seems characteristically American, what with the iconic "cowboy" hacking away at making code better, faster, cheaper and then sharing his work with others on the range. We know, however, that those icons are not entirely true, that they are mostly myths with elements of truth. Open Source developers are not "cowboys." Many, in fact, are employed by corporations interested in leveraging the wealth of labor and knowledge present in the Open Source pool. However, the promise of freedom and community these icons imply is a powerful attractor to many developers. But this raises the interesting and important question, What is the culture of Open Source like in France? And, what makes it appealing? Clearly, these questions are broad, and you might think of answering them by answering how you came to be interested in Open Source....
Here, in Europe, Open Source is little by little presenting itself as an incontrovertible logic. Even politicians have come to register it and are favoring Open Source software in their administrations.
Every day, businesses discover the economic logic of Open Source and develop economic models which prove the viability of Open Source; and the public at large begins to comprehend what it is all about
I am persuaded that, in due time, the proprietary model of software development will pass. I am equally persuaded of the great wealth--human as well as financial--which is developing in Open Source.
Many in the community are impressed and encouraged by your so-far successful efforts to create and include the Francophone informational section and discussion list in OpenOffice.org. What do you hope to accomplish by this tactic? And, can you evaluate how many people would be involved?
My aim is precisely to encourage people to join us . I am, frankly, a win-win addict! And, of course, my aim is also to engage Open Source communities. But I cant anticipate what will eventuate nor the people who will be involved. I work for a near future, hoping my work will be good enough.
The concern raised by, among others, Bill Roth, who heads Sun's OpenOffice.org project, was that the French version--and any other native language version--would "balkanize" the project, i.e., create if not discord, a lack of communication. What strategies will you employ to prevent this from occurring?
The balkanization risk only exists if we fail to follow what we are doing now. Look at the other great Open Source projects: they cruelly need volunteers, but they cant find enough users. What we are doing now in OpenOffice.org is not by any means a balkanization; rather, the contrary would seem to lead to a true balkanization, in which developers end up working independently because there are no tools available in Open Source projects in their native tongues. In my opinion, it is not a good tactic for a world-wide Open Source project. Projects like OpenOffice.org need world-wide support, and the world speaks many native tongues.
I also think that right now it is impossible to decide on a definitive strategy regarding Internationalization. I really think we have to look at what happens, then make corrections as needed, always staying involved, especially now, at the beginning.
We must further provide a real motivation for the webmasters [of the native language sites] to be involved in the project. It is this motivation which will draw volunteers. They need, that is, initiative: responsibility for their work.
Finally, if we see that Im wrong (and I dont think I am), it will always be possible to stop the native language websites without causing any serious damage to the central OpenOffice.org project.
Say that the experiment--and it is still an experiment--works. What would you like to see accomplished by the "lang" or Native Language Development Project?This experience of internationalizing the OpenOffice.org project is for me an extraordinary opportunity for the global community to come together in a common project and produce superior software.
I think that our success in articulating the efforts of an enormous body of linguistically diverse developers who utilize English as the common tongue for core projects will provide us with an indispensable tool, which, when brought to Open Source projects throughout the world, will prove that human creativity has no limits when enabled by pragmatism.
Readers interested in tracing the history of the Native Language Development project might wish to look at two previous articles on the subject: